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Andreas Clemmensen - Villa

Andreas Clemmensen (1872-1928) was one of the leading architects among his contempories; a fact corroborated by his numerous private and public buildings around the country. He attended the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts during 1867-75 and later travelled extensively in Italy, France, England, and Holland during the years 1880-83.

The journeys to Italy, in particular, influenced his architectural views during the initial stage of his career. In the 1890s, he developed his own personal architectural expression characterised by simplicity and homogeneity, displaying a strong sense of proportion and the unified whole, often adding classical-style elements.
 
His breakthrough came with the ‘mansion style’, which would dominate Danish architectural design during the years 1890-1910 and which Andreas Clemmensen was among the first to practice. Mansion style houses have rendered façades and the façade decorations are a combination of Baroque and Classicist elements. The use of black-glazed roofs, pediments, medallions and ashlar effect rendering on the corners are also characteristic of mansion style houses. As such, the Færch Villa in Holstebro together with Statens Serum Institut (Danish Public Health Research Inst.) in Copenhagen are typical examples of Andreas Clemmensen’s command of this particularly Danish style.
 
Other well-known buildings by Andreas Clemmensen are Palads Teatret (cinema) in Copenhagen, Glücksborgernes Kapel (Mausoleum for the Royal Glücksborg Family) in Roskilde Domkirke (Roskilde Cathedral), Oehlenschlægergades Skole (School) in Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Kirkegårds (Cemetary) buildings, Julemærkets Børnehjem (Children’s home) near Svendborg, Vodskov Åndssvageanstalt (home for the mentally retarded) together with several villas and tenement houses in Copenhagen and around the country.

Another line in Andreas Clemmensen’s work is church building, which is predominantly inspired by the Romanesque. Among his main projects are Immanuelskirken, Blågårds Kirke og Mariakirken all in Copenhagen.

Andreas Clemmensen played an active part in the artists’ communities of the turn of the century and he worked with e.g. Thorvald Bindesbøll, Niels Larsen Stevns and Niels and Joakim Skovgaard. He designed Gefionspringvandet (Gefion Fountain) at Langelinie in Copenhagen together with the sculptor Anders Bundgaard (1907).
Andreas Clemmensen (1872-1928) painted by L.A.Ring 1920